|State||Defendant||Co-Defendants||Sex||Date||Election||D/R||Charged||Convicted||Type1||Type2||Type3||# Charges||# Fraudulent Votes / Election Margin||Description||Sentence||Source1||Source2||Source3||Source4||Source5||Follow Up|
|North Carolina||Contested Election: Leon Maynor vs. Laura Sampson||2015-11||Lumberton municipal||Contested Election||Vote buying||The State Board of Elections ordered a new election for the Lumberton Precinct 7 City Council seat, due to voter “irregularities." possible fraud and “systematic” errors made by the Robeson County Board of Elections. The Precinct 7 race had been stalled by election protests filed by both the incumbent, Leon Maynor, and challenger, Laura Sampson. Following several recounts, including a full hand-to-eye recount, Maynor held a one-vote lead over Sampson. An investigator with the State Board of Elections testified that there is an ongoing investigation of vote-buying allegations against both Maynor and Sampson. The investigator, Matthew Martucci, a former New York Police Department detective, said that both candidates, local election officials and others have been interviewed about the allegations, which were made by multiple sources. All information collected during the investigation will be forwarded to the State Bureau of Investigation and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of North Carolina. The state board questioned Steve Stone, the chairman of the Robeson County Board of elections, extensively about how the hand recount was conducted, and after reviewing the ambiguous ballots, decided there was no way they could determine the voters’ “intent” based on the ballots.||New election ordered.||https://robesonian.com/news/83625/2-new-elections-ordered||http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/new-elections-ordered-for-pembroke-mayor-o...|
|Texas||Francisco "Frankie" Garcia||Rebecca Gonzalez Diana Balderas Castaneda Guadalupe Escamilla||M||2012-11||Donna ISD school board||D||2014-09||In person||Vote buying||3||3||Francisco "Frankie" Garcia was indicted on federal on conspiracy and voter fraud charges for trading cash and cocaine for votes in the November 2012 Donna school board elections. Voters were paid either a “dime bag” of cocaine or $10 per vote. Garcia paid three voters by dropping $30 into the car in which they were seated, through an open car window, after they voted. Garcia was the campaign manager for candidates in the 2012 school board race and instructed at least five "politiqueras" or campaign workers to pay cash or cocaine for votes. Three campaign workers – Rebecca Gonzalez and Diana Balderas Castaneda of Donna, Texas, and Guadalupe Escamilla, of Weslaco, Texas – previously pleaded guilty to vote-buying charges stemming from this election.||https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/campaign-manager-charged-buying-votes-donna-texas...||http://www.themonitor.com/donna-campaign-manager-arrested/article_9cdf02f0-428b-...|
|Illinois||2016-11||General||Absentee/Mail||Vote buying||Kankakee officials announced an investigation into voter fraud, including allegations that “individuals from Chicago” were offering gifts in exchange for votes, and prompting a visit by the top federal attorney for central Illinois and Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan. Illinois Attorney General’s office is also “actively monitoring” the situation. The probe is centered on a hotly contested race between Democratic State Rep. Kate Cloonen and her Republican challenger Lindsay Parkhurst. The investigation was sparked by complaints of people being bribed for votes and several fraudulent voter applications bring filed.||http://chicago.suntimes.com/politics/kankakee-county-investigates-vote-buying-al...||http://chicago.suntimes.com/chicago/feds-state-officials-go-to-kankakee-to-look-...|
|Georgia||Election contest: Jack Stone v. Bayne Cole||2015-11||Hazlehurst mayoral||2015-11||Election contest||Vote buying/selling||Ineligible district voting||2||A judge threw out Hazlehurst’s November 2015 mayoral election results due to voter fraud. Incumbent Mayor Jack Cole lost re-election by two votes to Bayne Stone and contested the election. Cole accused Stone and his supporters of paying voters to go to the polls and helping non-residents cast ballots. The judge's order said he believed the allegations of vote buying and other irregularities, including testimony from two voters who said Stone's son paid them off the street to go cast ballots. A new election was ordered.||New election ordered||http://www.wtoc.com/story/30632291/hazlehurst-mayoral-election-results-overturne...||http://www.walb.com/story/30517251/former-hazlehurst-mayor-contesting-election|
|Mississippi||Ike Brown (former chair of the Noxubee County Democratic Executive Committee)||Noxubee County Democratic Executive Committee||M||2003||Democratic primary||D||2005-02||Section 2, Voting Rights Act violation||Vote dilution||Absentee/Mail||Ike Brown, along with the Noxubee County Democratic Executive Committee which he chaired starting in 2000 and the Noxubee County Election Commission, were found to have violated Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act by systematically and intentionally disenfranchising white voters. The U.S. proved that Brown and his co-defendants rigged the Democratic primary voting process against white voters by manipulating voter rolls, tampering with absentee ballots, making threats to ban some whites from voting, miscounting ballots to ensure white candidates lost, and committing other discriminatory acts. The landmark case marked the first time the federal government used the 1965 Voting Rights Act to protect the rights of white voters. When violations continued during the August 2007 Democratic primary, the court appointed a Referee-Administrator to organize the county’s Democratic primary elections until November 20, 2011; limited the role that defendants could play in supervising future primary elections; and directed poll managers to apply Mississippi’s election laws in counting ballots and preventing improper voter assistance. The 2007 ruling and remedial order were affirmed by the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2009.||Referee-Administrator appointed to organize county Democratic primaries through November 20, 2011; defendants' role in supervising future primaries limited; poll managers directed to apply Mississippi’s election laws in counting ballots and preventing improper voter assistance.||http://www.leagle.com/decision/2007934494FSupp2d440_1892/U.S.%20v.%20BROWN||http://www.ca5.uscourts.gov/opinions%5Cpub%5C07/07-60588-CV0.wpd.pdf||https://www.justice.gov/crt/cases-raising-claims-under-section-11b-voting-rights...||https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crt/legacy/2010/12/15/noxubee_comp_0...||https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crt/legacy/2010/12/15/noxubee_remedi...|
|Alabama||Nathaniel Gosha (a former Russell County commissioner and Phenix City Council candidate)||Lizzie Mae Perry||M||2001-09||Phenix City municipal||Absentee/mail||Vote Selling||Forgery||37||9||Nathaniel Gosha, a former Russell County commissioner and Phenix City Council candidate, was convicted of 16 felony counts of possessing forged documents, 9 felony counts of falsifying absentee ballots, and 12 misdemeanor counts of disclosing the votes of others, in a scheme to sell absentee ballots in the September 2001 municipal election. Co-defendant Lizzie Mae Perry pleaded guilty to charges of absentee ballot fraud and agreed to testify against Gosha. Gosha and Perry falsified ballots by having people sign as witnesses to absentee ballot affidavits that had not been signed or sworn by the voters, and by putting false information about the voters' places of residence on the affidavits.||90 days in jail (multiple concurrent terms), 3 years probation, $500 fines for each of 9 false ballot convictions, $100 fines for each of 12 vote disclosure misdemeanors, $5/day for each day behind bars||http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20021020/NEWS/210200353?p=5&tc=pg||http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/news/local/article29238529.html#!||http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/394032-alabama-voter-fraud.html||http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/798132/replies?c=116|
|Michigan||Zedora Miller (former city council member)||Bobbie Baker Frank Fields Angela Smith||F||2001-01 2001-11||Ecorse City Council General||2003-01||Absentee Ballot Fraud||Voter coercion||5||Felony charges were filed against Angela Smith, Frank Fields, Zedora Miller and Bobbie Baker. The four were accused of handling and tampering with absentee voter ballots stemming from the January 9, 2001, election for Ecorse City Council. Miller, a member of the Ecorse City Council, was charged with 1 count of improper return of an Absentee Voter Ballot, 1 count of conspiracy to improperly return Absentee Voter Ballot, and 1 count of tampering with an Absentee Voter Ballot or, alternatively, attempting to influence an Absentee Voter. Miller was also charged with 1 count of tampering with an Absentee Voter Ballot and 1 count of improper return of an Absentee Voter Ballot in the November 6, 2001, general election.||http://www.michigan.gov/ag/0,1607,7-164-46849_47203-58997--,00.html||http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/826964/posts|
|Mississippi||Election Contest: Dave Ware v, Johnny DuPree||2013-06||Hattiesburg Mayoral||Election Contest||Voter impersonation||Ineligible felon voting||In the June 4, 2013 election for Hattiesburg Mayor, Dave Ware finished 37 votes behind incumbent Johnny DuPree. But that result was marred by a total breakdown in the absentee balloting process and shocking instances of illegal voting. Hundreds of absentee ballots failed to comply with mandatory provisions of Mississippi law. They were counted anyway, giving DuPree well more than his margin of victory. The evidence showed improper influence of absentee voters and lax security and recordkeeping for absentee ballots. One ballot cast by a Ware supporter simply disappeared. A 17-year-old voted absentee from the county jail. A “curbside” voter at the Dixie Pine precinct (someone too disabled to enter the polling place but who voted in person from his vehicle, with help from the poll managers) was actually a healthy 22-year-old man who was in San Antonio, Texas on Election Day. He did not vote, but someone else voted in his name. Disenfranchised felons voted, even though their prior crimes made them ineligible. Sheriff’s personnel carried one of those voters from jail to vote in person on June 4. At least four ineligible felons voted. The trial itself involved allegations of witness intimidation, jury “retaliation,” and a 9-3 verdict for Ware that somehow devolved into a deadlocked 8-4 vote.||New election ordered||http://hottytoddy.com/2013/08/21/big-wins-of-integrity-of-the-vote/|
|Texas||Election contest: Jasen Rabalais v. Michael Papillion||2016-03||Democratic primary||D||2016-03||Election contest||Voter intimidation/coercion||Absentee/mail||Harris County constable chief deputy Jasen Rabalais, who narrowly missed making the runoff in the Precinct 3 constable's primary election on March 1,2016, has sued the top two vote-getters, seeking to annul the results because of alleged violations of election law. Rabalais alleged in court papers on March 10 that a campaign worker for Michel Pappillion, a candidate who beat him by 37 votes and edged him out of the runoff, illegally cast votes on behalf of some senior citizens. Sherman Eagleton was the top vote getter by more than 800 votes of more than 18,000 cast, while Rabalais came in third. Eagleton and Pappillion are scheduled to face each other in the May 2016 runoff for the Democratic nomination. Pappillion denied allegations that his campaign violated election law, but declined to say whether he employed the campaign worker, referring questions to his attorney, Andy Taylor. Rabalais' complaint states that the worker initially approached his campaign, offering to "deliver votes from seniors through special access to senior living facilities," guaranteeing 1,000 votes, and Rabalais turned her down. Rabalais supporters noticed the worker at the polls wearing a Pappillion shirt and telling elderly voters that they had already voted, the complaint alleges. The Rabalais campaign confronted the worker, who told them she is a nurse, has access to nursing homes and gets seniors to "vote for that person who [she is] working for," the complaint alleges. The complaint alleges the worker "deliberately falsified, illegally completed, or unlawfully influenced the ballots and early voting applications of elderly residents" in Precinct 3. Rabalais' suit calls for the court to order a new election, subtract illegal votes or "declare the outcome of the election if able to ascertain the true outcome."||http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Constable-can...|
|Alabama||Melvin Lightening||Aaron Evans||M||1995-11||Greensboro special municipal||1996-09||Absentee/Mail||Voter intimidation/coercion||Impersonation||1||1||Melvin Lightening was convicted of absentee ballot fraud after admitting to casting an absentee ballot in someone else's name in the November 1995 Greensboro special election. The ballot application was completed by co-defendant Aaron Evans, and the ballot was signed by Lightening, who delivered the ballot to the city clerk. Evans was also convicted on multiple counts of absentee ballot fraud.||12 months in prison (suspended), 12 months probation, barred from participation in political campaigns/activity||http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20021020/NEWS/210200353?p=4&tc=pg||http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/394032-alabama-voter-fraud.html|
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