|State||Defendant||Co-Defendants||Sex||Date||Election||D/R||Charged||Convicted||Type1||Type2||Type3||# Charges||# Fraudulent Votes / Election Margin||Description||Sentence||Source1||Source2||Source3||Source4||Source5||Follow Up|
|Alabama||Nathaniel Gosha (a former Russell County commissioner and Phenix City Council candidate)||Lizzie Mae Perry||M||2001-09||Phenix City municipal||Absentee/mail||Vote Selling||Forgery||37||9||Nathaniel Gosha, a former Russell County commissioner and Phenix City Council candidate, was convicted of 16 felony counts of possessing forged documents, 9 felony counts of falsifying absentee ballots, and 12 misdemeanor counts of disclosing the votes of others, in a scheme to sell absentee ballots in the September 2001 municipal election. Co-defendant Lizzie Mae Perry pleaded guilty to charges of absentee ballot fraud and agreed to testify against Gosha. Gosha and Perry falsified ballots by having people sign as witnesses to absentee ballot affidavits that had not been signed or sworn by the voters, and by putting false information about the voters' places of residence on the affidavits.||90 days in jail (multiple concurrent terms), 3 years probation, $500 fines for each of 9 false ballot convictions, $100 fines for each of 12 vote disclosure misdemeanors, $5/day for each day behind bars||http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20021020/NEWS/210200353?p=5&tc=pg||http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/news/local/article29238529.html#!||http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/394032-alabama-voter-fraud.html||http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/798132/replies?c=116|
|Mississippi||Ike Brown (former chair of the Noxubee County Democratic Executive Committee)||Noxubee County Democratic Executive Committee||M||2003||Democratic primary||D||2005-02||Section 2, Voting Rights Act violation||Vote dilution||Absentee/Mail||Ike Brown, along with the Noxubee County Democratic Executive Committee which he chaired starting in 2000 and the Noxubee County Election Commission, were found to have violated Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act by systematically and intentionally disenfranchising white voters. The U.S. proved that Brown and his co-defendants rigged the Democratic primary voting process against white voters by manipulating voter rolls, tampering with absentee ballots, making threats to ban some whites from voting, miscounting ballots to ensure white candidates lost, and committing other discriminatory acts. The landmark case marked the first time the federal government used the 1965 Voting Rights Act to protect the rights of white voters. When violations continued during the August 2007 Democratic primary, the court appointed a Referee-Administrator to organize the county’s Democratic primary elections until November 20, 2011; limited the role that defendants could play in supervising future primary elections; and directed poll managers to apply Mississippi’s election laws in counting ballots and preventing improper voter assistance. The 2007 ruling and remedial order were affirmed by the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2009.||Referee-Administrator appointed to organize county Democratic primaries through November 20, 2011; defendants' role in supervising future primaries limited; poll managers directed to apply Mississippi’s election laws in counting ballots and preventing improper voter assistance.||http://www.leagle.com/decision/2007934494FSupp2d440_1892/U.S.%20v.%20BROWN||http://www.ca5.uscourts.gov/opinions%5Cpub%5C07/07-60588-CV0.wpd.pdf||https://www.justice.gov/crt/cases-raising-claims-under-section-11b-voting-rights...||https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crt/legacy/2010/12/15/noxubee_comp_0...||https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crt/legacy/2010/12/15/noxubee_remedi...|
|Georgia||Election contest: Jack Stone v. Bayne Cole||2015-11||Hazlehurst mayoral||2015-11||Election contest||Vote buying/selling||Ineligible district voting||2||A judge threw out Hazlehurst’s November 2015 mayoral election results due to voter fraud. Incumbent Mayor Jack Cole lost re-election by two votes to Bayne Stone and contested the election. Cole accused Stone and his supporters of paying voters to go to the polls and helping non-residents cast ballots. The judge's order said he believed the allegations of vote buying and other irregularities, including testimony from two voters who said Stone's son paid them off the street to go cast ballots. A new election was ordered.||New election ordered||http://www.wtoc.com/story/30632291/hazlehurst-mayoral-election-results-overturne...||http://www.walb.com/story/30517251/former-hazlehurst-mayor-contesting-election|
|Illinois||2016-11||General||Absentee/Mail||Vote buying||Kankakee officials announced an investigation into voter fraud, including allegations that “individuals from Chicago” were offering gifts in exchange for votes, and prompting a visit by the top federal attorney for central Illinois and Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan. Illinois Attorney General’s office is also “actively monitoring” the situation. The probe is centered on a hotly contested race between Democratic State Rep. Kate Cloonen and her Republican challenger Lindsay Parkhurst. The investigation was sparked by complaints of people being bribed for votes and several fraudulent voter applications bring filed.||http://chicago.suntimes.com/politics/kankakee-county-investigates-vote-buying-al...||http://chicago.suntimes.com/chicago/feds-state-officials-go-to-kankakee-to-look-...|
|Connecticut||Mitchell Robles||M||Absentee Ballot Fraud||Vote Buying||Mitchell Robles,an agent of a political party, was accused of taking possession of an absentee ballot, being present when an absente ballot was executed and compensating someone a dollar for helping another person with an absentee ballot. The Connecticut Elections Enforcement Commission investigated, but was unable to obtain sufficient evidence, so the complaint was dismissed.||Dismissed||http://seec.ct.gov/e2casebase/data/fd/FD_2009_131.pdf|
|Michigan||Rev. Edward Pinkney||M||2005-02||Recall||Absentee/Mail||Vote Buying||Rev. Edward Pinkney reportedly paid patrons of a soup kitchen $5 each to cast absentee ballots in a Feb. 2005 recall election in Michigan. He was also caught being in possession of absentee ballots cast by others. Convicted of 5 counts of election fraud.||Convicted of 5 counts of election fraud.||http://www.wndu.com/home/headlines/6642867.html||http://www.wndu.com/home/headlines/Benton-Harbor-activist-sentenced-for-election...|
|Georgia||Michael Douglas, Jr.||Olin Norman “Bobo” Gibson||M||2004||Dodge County sheriff||D||2009-07||Absentee/Mail||Vote buying||Multiple voting||6||100||Michael Douglas, Jr. pleaded* guilty to conspiring to buy votes and vote more than once in the 2004 sheriff election, in violation of federal law. Douglas was charged with 2 counts of conspiracy and 4 counts of vote buying. "Bobo" Gibson, who was also charged in the conspiracy, pleaded guilty to buying a vote for Douglas. The government presented evidence that Douglas provided money to supporters, including Gibson, to be used to buy votes, and that Douglas supporters paid hundreds of voters for their absentee ballots, in particular blank absentee ballots, then filled those ballots out with votes for Douglas and cast them in the election.||*Plea deal: 18 months in federal prison||https://www.fbi.gov/atlanta/press-releases/2010/at031210b.htm||http://www.macon.com/news/article28573060.html||http://www.macon.com/news/article28587751.html|
|Georgia||Olin Norman “Bobo” Gibson||Michael Douglas, Jr.||M||2004||Dodge County sheriff||D||2009-07||Absentee/Mail||Vote buying||1||100||Olin Norman “Bobo” Gibson pleaded* guilty to buying a vote for Michael Douglas in the 2004 sheriff election. Gibson and Douglas were both charged in the conspiracy to buy hundreds of voters' absentee ballots with money provided by Douglas, in particular blank absentee ballots, and fill those ballots out with votes for Douglas and cast them in the election.||*Plea deal: 4 months in prison||https://www.fbi.gov/atlanta/press-releases/2010/at031210b.htm||http://www.macon.com/news/article28573060.html||http://www.macon.com/news/article28587751.html||http://www.macon.com/news/local/crime/article28581598.html|
|North Carolina||Contested Election: Leon Maynor vs. Laura Sampson||2015-11||Lumberton municipal||Contested Election||Vote buying||The State Board of Elections ordered a new election for the Lumberton Precinct 7 City Council seat, due to voter “irregularities." possible fraud and “systematic” errors made by the Robeson County Board of Elections. The Precinct 7 race had been stalled by election protests filed by both the incumbent, Leon Maynor, and challenger, Laura Sampson. Following several recounts, including a full hand-to-eye recount, Maynor held a one-vote lead over Sampson. An investigator with the State Board of Elections testified that there is an ongoing investigation of vote-buying allegations against both Maynor and Sampson. The investigator, Matthew Martucci, a former New York Police Department detective, said that both candidates, local election officials and others have been interviewed about the allegations, which were made by multiple sources. All information collected during the investigation will be forwarded to the State Bureau of Investigation and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of North Carolina. The state board questioned Steve Stone, the chairman of the Robeson County Board of elections, extensively about how the hand recount was conducted, and after reviewing the ambiguous ballots, decided there was no way they could determine the voters’ “intent” based on the ballots.||New election ordered.||https://robesonian.com/news/83625/2-new-elections-ordered||http://www.fayobserver.com/news/local/new-elections-ordered-for-pembroke-mayor-o...|
|Texas||Francisco "Frankie" Garcia||Rebecca Gonzalez Diana Balderas Castaneda Guadalupe Escamilla||M||2012-11||Donna ISD school board||D||2014-09||In person||Vote buying||3||3||Francisco "Frankie" Garcia was indicted on federal on conspiracy and voter fraud charges for trading cash and cocaine for votes in the November 2012 Donna school board elections. Voters were paid either a “dime bag” of cocaine or $10 per vote. Garcia paid three voters by dropping $30 into the car in which they were seated, through an open car window, after they voted. Garcia was the campaign manager for candidates in the 2012 school board race and instructed at least five "politiqueras" or campaign workers to pay cash or cocaine for votes. Three campaign workers – Rebecca Gonzalez and Diana Balderas Castaneda of Donna, Texas, and Guadalupe Escamilla, of Weslaco, Texas – previously pleaded guilty to vote-buying charges stemming from this election.||https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/campaign-manager-charged-buying-votes-donna-texas...||http://www.themonitor.com/donna-campaign-manager-arrested/article_9cdf02f0-428b-...|
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